Short Strings

A ShortString is 0 to 255 characters long. While the length of a ShortString can change dynamically, its memory is a statically allocated 256 bytes; the first byte stores the length of the string, and the remaining 255 bytes are available for characters. If s is a ShortString variable, 0rd(s[0]), like Length(s), returns the length of s; assigning a value to S[0], like calling SetLength, changes the length of s. ShortString is maintained for backward compatibility only.

The Delphi language supports short-string types - in effect, subtypes of ShortString - whose maximum length is anywhere from 0 to 255 characters. These are denoted by a bracketed numeral appended to the reserved word string. For example, var MyString: string[100];

creates a variable called MyString whose maximum length is 100 characters. This is equivalent to the declarations type CString = string[100]; var MyString: CString;

Variables declared in this way allocate only as much memory as the type requires - that is, the specified maximum length plus one byte. In our example, MyString uses 101 bytes, as compared to 256 bytes for a variable of the predefined ShortString type.

When you assign a value to a short-string variable, the string is truncated if it exceeds the maximum length for the type.

The standard functions High and Low operate on short-string type identifiers and variables. High returns the maximum length of the short-string type, while Low returns zero.

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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