Long Strings

AnsiString, also called a long string, represents a dynamically allocated string whose maximum length is limited only by available memory.

A long-string variable is a pointer occupying four bytes of memory. When the variable is empty - that is, when it contains a zero-length stringthe pointer is nil and the string uses no additional storage. When the variable is nonempty, it points a dynamically allocated block of memory that contains the string value. The eight bytes before the location contain a 32-bit length indicator and a 32-bit reference count. This memory is allocated on the heap, but its management is entirely automatic and requires no user code.

Because long-string variables are pointers, two or more of them can reference the same value without consuming additional memory. The compiler exploits this to conserve resources and execute assignments faster. Whenever a long-string variable is destroyed or assigned a new value, the reference count of the old string (the variable's previous value) is decremented and the reference count of the new value (if there is one) is incremented; if the reference count of a string reaches zero, its memory is deallocated. This process is called reference-counting. When indexing is used to change the value of a single character in a string, a copy of the string is made if - but only if - its reference count is greater than one. This is called copy-on-write semantics.

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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